Abstract: Lung cancer is a leading cause of cancer‑related deaths in Latin America, with non‑small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) being the most prevalent. The current study aimed to report real‑world data on epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutational testing and treatment regimens at diagnosis and progression in patients with metastatic NSCLC across four Latin American countries (Argentina, Chile, Colombia and Uruguay). A retrospective, multicenter, observational study was conducted in patients with NSCLC using medical records from participating countries. The study population was categorized into two cohorts: Cohort 1 comprised of newly diagnosed, treatment‑naïve patients with stage IV NSCLC; and cohort 2 comprised of stage IV NSCLC EGFR mutation (EGFRm)‑positive patients who had progressed after first‑ or second‑generation EGFR‑tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment. Measures included demographic variables, health characteristics, treatment regimen, molecular testing rate and turnaround time at diagnosis and at progression for cohorts 1 and 2, respectively. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize all study measures. Of the 462 patients enrolled, 431 were newly diagnosed or treatment naïve with metastatic NSCLC. In cohort 1, the majority of patients with private health insurance (57.31%) underwent molecular diagnosis while only 41.3% of patients within the public sector had access to testing. The average molecular testing rate in cohort 1 varied across countries, with Argentina having the highest testing rate (79%) and Uruguay the lowest (27.63%). EGFRm was observed in 22% of patients. Cohort 2 comprised 31 patients who had progressed after first‑ or second‑generation EGFR‑TKI treatment and of these, only 22 (70.97%) underwent testing after progression. Access to molecular testing is still a challenge impacting the choice of first‑line treatment in Latin American patients with NSCLC.
Dr. Mauricio Cuello